Innovation Centre at Garudaastra Aeroinventive Solutions Pvt. Ltd. is transforming the impossibilities into possibilities in the Unmanned Aerial Systems. The Centre is dedicated to develop the innovative products in UAS which is, accomplishing various projects from its roots to all the branches in design, development and deployment of the unmanned aerial systems. The cent works with multidisciplinary approach with integrated and experienced expertise across aerospace engineering and sciences, for development of demanding global market. The main objectives of Innovation Centre is to develop the various innovative products which can provide their services in almost all sectors like Agriculture, Disaster Management, Defence, Home & Security etc. Currently, this center is concentrated in product development for industrialization of agriculture, where drones provides a more flexible visualization for pesticide spraying, mapping, pest control, seeding, remote sensing and satellite farming. Drones also leverage the Internet of Things (IoT) technology, bringing transparency to the system. This technology would be quite useful for digital farming, the source and availability of the food items, water and chemical requirements etc. Hence, Agriculture Drones can be used to optimize a farm, based on a large range of image data about the condition of crops, fields and livestock as well as applying pesticides.
Drones are an affordable investment when compared to most farm equipment. By generating accurate field data thogh this technology you can get:
- much higher resolution data (up to 16x than traditional satellite methods) of your crop conditions.
- a head's up on stressed areas of pest infestation and to identify irrigation leak in the field.
- a true count of plant growth.
Innovation Centre is also looking forward to enhance the high payload capacities and carry the items based on the requirements. These delivery drones may become widespread over the next five to ten years, particularly known as the "last-mile" logistics of small and light items. In future, drones could augment, or even replace the truck fleets and could have important implications for energy consumption, public safety, personal privacy, air pollution, less noise, air traffic management, road congestion, urban planning, and goods consumption patterns in urban areas.
The Key findings of use cases for delivery drones:
- The savings come primarily from the fact that trucks are vastly heavier than drones. By using drones to deliver only the lightest packages, the deliverer is able to free the truck, with its greater weight and additional cargo, from the additional driving required to deliver that small package. Reducing the number of service areas also reduces the amount of driving required for the trucks
- Drone energy use would be entirely electric. Depending on the sourcing of this power, it would be expected to have a much lower carbon footprint and to produce less local air pollution as well.
- While the numbers and calculations in this preliminary study are rough, the analysis supports the idea that the energy requirements for truck and drone delivery for small packages are of the same order of magnitude and, thus, that shifting some deliveries to drones would not have a major impact on the energy intensity of package delivery. However, it would shift this energy from diesel-burning trucks to electric drones, which might have a beneficial impact on the carbon footprint of package delivery until the delivery truck fleet can be converted to lower-carbon fuels. While practical considerations of noise abatement and airspace restriction might reduce this efficiency somewhat, rapid advances in battery technology and drone design can be expected to produce more than offsetting increases in efficiency.
It was found that shifting 20% of delivery stops from trucks to drones would require 13 fewer truck routes, 468 fewer truck miles, and (assuming an efficiency of 10 miles per gallon) 46.8 fewer gallons of diesel fuel. The drone delivery would involve 1,550 drone trips, totaling 9,406 miles flown. Assuming a tilt-rotor fixed-wing design, other work in this project suggests a delivery drone fuel economy of 460 miles per gallon equivalent, allowing all the deliveries to be conducted with the energy equivalent of 20.4 gallons of diesel. This results in a savings of 26.4 gallons of diesel, for a net savings of about 5.7%.